Nitya Foundation

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Cutting, Tailoring & DressMaking

Cutting, Tailoring & DressMaking

women empowerment nitya ngo
Course Code no. – 605/705 – 606/706 Duration of course – 1 yrs. & 6 months Essential Theory hours – 100hrs

Introduction to the course:

Clothing is one of the basic needs of human being people one becoming fashion conscious. With change in fashion & style, the stitching of garment also changes. Hence keeping in view the market demand and change fashion technology, courses on cutting, tailoring & dress making have been suitably designed in the structure of non formal education. The beneficiaries are new literates and people with low education levels. Besides in Indian tradition girls/women are expected to know tailoring to fulfill the basic stitching requirement at home. Stitching of garments at home is a money saving device for lower middle income group. Besides tailoring can be a vocation for self employment.


  • To provide knowledge & training
  • Use of tools & equipment used in tailoring trade.
  • Sewing terminology
  • Taking correct body measurements
  • Basic hand & machine stitches
  • Designing, drafting & pattern making
  • Layout & fabric estimation
  • Cutting, tailoring & finishing of garments for children, ladies & gents.
  • Alteration, defects & remedies to fitting problems.
  • Processes of quality centrol, packaging, labeling, marking, costing & promotion.
  • Sourcing of fabrics, trends & relating so servicing process.
  • Skill to construct professional looking garments.
  • Enhancing employability & entrepreneur skills.

Entry Qualification - 8th Pass/Literate

1. Identify and take care of the various tools and equipment used in cutting and tailoring.

2. Identify and practice basic (temporary and permanent) and decorative stitches.

3. Take body measurements (length width and circumference) systematically and follow necessary precautions.

4. Master the use of swing machine and take care of the machine.

5. Follow precautions while using a machine. Identify and correct the defects in a machine. Identify and correct the defects in a machine.

6. Control of fullness – darts, pleats, gathers

7. Make different types of seams using bias, piping and facing and plackets and

8. Make hook and eye and attach buttons, button hole etc.

9. Select fabric and appropriate colour combinations according to age, tradition,Vocation and personality.

10. Follow rules of pattern making, layout and fabric estimation

11. Design, draft, pattern making cutting, stitching and finishing of the garments (panty, slip, jhabla, set, frock, gents pyjama, petticoat, churidar pyjama, ladies kurta, salwar etc.)

12. Surface decoration of garments using embroidery, laces, buttons, beads, sequins etc.

13. Fold, iron, pack and cost evaluation of stitched garment.

14. Marking and storing of drafts and patterns for future use.

Job opportunities : After completing the course one can get employment in garment manufacturing unit or get self employed by opening a tailoring sop or work at home.

Wage employment : Can get employment as cutter/tailor/checker/designers in garment manufacturing industries/tailoring shops/tailoring units in govt. sector of public sectors like jails /hospitals etc. can get employments as instructor in educational institutes.

Self employment : can open his/her own tailoring shop or can do tailoring work at his/her own house or can take up orders work from factories.

Scheme of study –

Weightage :- – Theory – 15% Practical – 85%

Scheme of Evaluation

Course code Theory Practical Internal Total

705/605 30 90 80 200

706/606 30 90 80 200

Passing Criteria : – Theory 40%, Practical 50%, Internal 40%, Aggregate 50%

SUBJECT - Cutting & Tailoring
Section A: Foundation

UnitContentsTheory/ Practical
1Introduction to Sewing MachineMachine Operation, Different parts of machine and their functions, Safety precautions, Proper maintenance and oiling, Operating machine, Removing parts and practice in refixing, Adjusting the parts for proper functioning, Practice in cleaning and oiling.
2Tools and Equipment used in tailoringDescription of various tools used in tailoring, Drafting tools, Cutting Tools, Stitching tools Practice in using, Different Scissors, Shaper, L Scale, Art Curve, Tracing wheel, Thimble etc.
3Trade TerminologySpecific terms used in drafting, cutting & stitching, Practice using proper terms.
4Measurement TakingUse of tape for measurement, Proper/correct measurement taking, Precautions, Use of L scale for measurement, Sequence of measurement, Practice using tape, Taking measurement, Sequencing of measurement, Use of L scale.
5Drafting / Pattern MakingNeed for drafting and pattern making, Method of preparing draft, Preparing pattern cutting, Simple drafting, Pattern Making, Paper pattern cutting
6Basic StitchingHand stitches, Machine stitches, Decorative stitches, Preparation of sample pieces of stitches
7Construction SkillsKnowledge about: Seams, Drafts, Tucks, Pleats, Buttons Hole, Buttons Hooks and snage, Eye, Titch buttons, Preparation of sample pieces using all construction skills.
8Selection of ClothSelection of the right type of fabric for a particular garment, Identification of different types of fabric
9Estimation of ClothHow to estimate cloth for garments, Estimation by giving various measurements
10Colour conceptColour combination for buttons, thread & Cloth, Practicals in the selection of colour combination (contrast & harmony)
11Simple Cutting and StitchingHow to mark the measurements on cloth before cutting, Leaving margin for inlays and turnings, Skills in Stitching, Marking with different measurement, Cutting the cloth as per marking, leaving a margin for inlays and turnings. Practice stitching on paper for straight zigzag, round etc. Stitching of Handkerchief / Bib / Pillow cover / Bags / Underwear / Quilting

Section B: Cutting & Stitching

UnitContentsTheory/ Practical
1Construction SkillsUse of velcro & Elastic - Fixing velcro & Elastic insertion, Type of facing, binding, Zip application, Elastic insertion, Design darts, Yokes & midriff Waistband application Practice in Construction skills
2Tailoring SkillsNotch collar-Roll collar Drafting, paper pattern making, cutting and stitching of garments: Ladies garments OR Gents garments Drafting, paper pattern making, cutting, stitching and finishing of following garments: Children Garments, Ladies Garments Or Boys / Gants Garments, Stitching of different baby garments, Stitching of different ladies garments, Stitching of different gents garments
3Other SkillsTailor marks, Fittings & alterations, New garments from old fabric/garments
4Pressing & Packing Skills (Folding)Precautions to be taken while pressing and folding, Pressing of: Cotton garments, There garments, Silk garments, Packing of various garments (folding).

Section C: Garment Making & Dress Designing

UnitContentsTheory/ Practical
1Designing Dress DesigningPrinciples & concept
2Pattern MakingCreative pattern making, Types of patterns & Bodice block, Sample making
3Bodice Blocks Measurement TakingDrafting and pattern making of following blocks.
A) Children: Basic Bodice Block, Sleeve, Skirt Block.
B) Ladies: Basic Bodice Block, Sleeve / Trouser Block
4Manipulation and AdjustmentWhat is manipulation /adjustment Practice of: Dart / Sleeve / Collar manipulation, Adjustment for different figures, Stooping/ flat bust / full bust, Manipulation & making various creative patterns through the blocks in the following: Children/Ladies/Gants garments/Sleeves/Collars/ Pockets/ Cuff/ Jackets
5FittingsProblems of fitting and correction Practice correcting patterns
6Colour ConceptColour concept and harmony in designing, Preparation of samples.
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